Cavalier was developed at Texas A&M’s Agricultural Experiment Station from a zoysia with Japanese origins. Cavalier Zoysia is a fine textured, high-density turf that is used on residential and commercial sites, sports fields and golf courses. It is similar in appearance to Tifway Bermuda grass, but has improved winter hardiness and survivability under reduced management. Cavalier has less of a tendency to scalp, which occurs when a mower is set too low and cuts too deeply into the grass, than some other zoysias. When compared to St. Augustine, Cavalier is a thicker, denser turf requiring less fertilizer.
Cavalier Zoysia Specs
- Fine texture, long and thin leaf blades (1.33 to 1.79mm)
- Grows from above-ground runners (stolens) and below-ground shoots (rhisomes)
- Highly dense, uniform growth pattern
- Requires less fertilizer; can thatch if over-fertilized
- Good shade tolerance
- Moderate to low water use
- Good salt tolerance
Cavalier Zoysia Care
- In Spring and Summer, mow 1″-2″ every 7-10 days. Shorter heights require regular and more frequent mowing. Do not scalp. Never remove more than 1/3 of leaf blade in any single mowing. In Fall and Winter, mow every 10-14 days.
- In Spring, apply fertilizer after danger of frost or in mid-February in frost-free areas. Use balanced time-released fertilizer such as 16-4-8. Can use products with iron to improve color. Perform soil analysis for best results.
- In Fall, apply balanced time-released fertilizer such as 15-5-10.
- Requires 3-5 lbs. of Nitrogen per 1000 square feet per year for a highly maintained turf.
- At least 1″ of water weekly is recommended to keep optimal appearance and to resist disease and pests. However, in periods of drought or high temperatures, grass will need to be watered more often. Water when leaf blades wilt.